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قديم 06-11-2016, 05:30 PM   #21
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رد : تجمع (تحليل الخطاب ) - مستوى 8 - لغة انجليزية

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Being a ''real Indian'' is not something one can simply be Rather. It is something that one becomes in and through, that is.....................

a. carrying out the actual performance of being a real Indian
b. kinship only.
c. Something that one can simply be without doing it
d. carrying out the actual performance of being a real Indian and kinship

.
.



I ………….in one way onemoment and i am speaking and acting as “chair” of the committee; the nextmoment i speak and talk in a different way and i am speaking and acting as onepeer/colleague speaking to another.
a .talk and act
b . Write and listen
c . Work and listen
d . Sit down and read




politics ……i talk andact in such a way that
a visibly angry malein a committee meeting (perhaps it’s me!) is“standing his ground on principle,” but a
visibly angry female is “hysterical .
A . (the distribution of history goods)
b . (the no distribution of history goods)
c . (the distribution of social goods)
d . (the no distribution of social goods)


Gee argued two types of meaning. The first oneis the situated meaning which is an image or pattern that we assemble “on thespot” as we communicate in a given context,
.........based on
a. Our construal of that context السياق
b. Our past experiences خبرتنا
c. Our expectations
d. Both A and B
.

.

In the example: “The coffee spilled, get a mop”, triggered by the word
.......“mop” in the context, you assemble a situated meaning something like
a. Dark liquid which is harmful
b. Dark liquid which we drink
c. A liquied
d. Darkness
.

.

In the example: “The coffee spilled, get abroom”, triggered by the word
“broom” and your experience of such matters,
........you assemble either a situated meaning something like
a. Grains that we make our coffee from
كل الأجابتين صح b. Beans from which wegrind coffee
c. A grinding machine
.

.





Furthermore,as conversations and indeed, relationships, develop, participants continually…………their situated meanings
a. Revise
b. Retrieve
c.Reconfirm
d. Redeem



the useof a term like ''colonization'' or a ''occupation'' is something thatis………………….. important in DA
a.Sometimes
b. Always
c. Rarely
d. Seldom
...






Different identities or social positions weenact and recognize in different sitting is what we mean by



a- situated geography
b-situated identities
c- situated meaning
d- situated history





We tend to think of conversations as “just words.”
نحن نميل الى الاعتقادبأن المحادثة مجرد كلمات

But the sorts of conversations he is talking about involvea lot more than words; they involve, in fact,Discourses
لكنها اكثر من كلمات .هي عبارة عن خطابات

("Conversations”with a “big C,” since they are better viewed as (historic
المحادثة ( بحرف C كابيتال ) هي محادثات تاريخية

More thanpeople, & more thanlanguage, are involved in Conversations
يشترك بالمحادثات اكثر منشخص واكثر من لغة
( Tools Of inquiry )

الادوات اربع /
1- الهوية الحالية : Situated identities
2- اللغة الاجتماعية : Social languages
3- الخطاب : Discourses” with acapital “D,”
4- المحادثة : Conversations” with acapital “C


1- الهوية الحالية :
SituatedidentitiesThat is, different identitiesor social positionswe enact & recognize in different settings
لاحظوا هويات مختلفة في اوضاع مختلفة بالمواقف الاجتماعية ..

2- اللغة الاجتماعية :
Social languages different styles of language that we use to enact &recognize different identitiesin different settings

لاحظوا ااسلوب مختلف من اللغة لهوية مختلفة في وضع مختلف

3- الخطاب :
different ways in which we humans integrate language with non-language “stuff,” suchas different ways of thinking
هنا الخطاب طرق مختلفة لدمج الناس أو البشر
الخطاب فيه بشر ..ولغوي ..وغير لغوي ..وتفكير مختلف .

4- المحادثة :
long-running & important themesor motifs that have been the focus of a varietyof different texts &
interactions (in different social languages & Discourses
المحادثة موضوع مهم يركز على نصوص وتفاعلات مختلفة في لغات اجتماعية مختلفة



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 05:56 PM   #22
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رد : تجمع (تحليل الخطاب ) - مستوى 8 - لغة انجليزية

15) which comes first? the situation or language? this question reflects an image of
................. between language and reality.
- disconnection
- reciprocity
- miss understanding
- misleading


المحاضرة العاشرة

.................................................. .
20) some studies argue the chemistry experimental chemist is recognized, in large part
in their ................
- titles
- countries
- apparatus and books
- faces

المحاضرة السادسة



لكن فيه غلط بصيغة السؤال لان في المحاضرة مكتوب


"Some studies argue the physics experimental physicistsis, in large part, not in their heads Rather it's spread out ,inscribed in
.................................................. ............

if i have no idea who you are and what you are doing, then i cannot make sense of
what you have.............
- said, written , or done
- ways of writing
- ways of reading
- ways of constructing good sentences

المحاضرة الرابعة

.................................................. ............

29) being "real indian" is not something one can simply be. rather, it is something that
one ...............in and through the doing of it.
- becomes
- is born being
- dies
- imagine being

المحاضرة الخامسة
.................................................. .................................




If you put language, action, interaction, values, beliefs, symbols, objects,tools, and
places together in such a way that others recognize you as particular type of who
(identity) engaged in particular type of what activity here and now,then you have pulled
off ...................
- A discourse
- an advanced couse
- an average couse
- part of a discourse


المحاضرة السادسة

.................................................. .........


The discourse we enact existed before each of us came on the scene and most of
them ...............
- Will exist longer after we have left the scene
- Will not exist longer after we have left the scene


المحاضرة السادسة

.................................................. ................


44) Conversation with a capital C means long-running and .............. That have been the
focus of variety of different texts and interactions
- important them imagining
- important themes or motifs
- long running but not important themes or motifs
- important them for acting positively

المحاضره الثانية

.................................................. ...................



45) a socially - situated identity, means the " .................." one is seeking identity and
enact here and now
- kind of dream
- kind of a person
- kind of rank
- kind of imagining

المحاضرة الرابعة

.........................................


there is another term that it is useful in place of cumbersome phrase " who doing
what" at least as far as the language aspects of " who-doing-whats" are concerned (
remembering that language is caught up with " other stuff" in discourses ) this term is
..............................
- psychological language
- physical language
- social language
- metaphysical language

المحاضرة السادسة



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 06:08 PM   #23
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المحاضرة التمهيديه والأولى

.........definitions: It is difficult to give a single definition of
analysis.

discourse

Discourse analysis will enable to reveal the hidden motivations behind a text or behind
the choice of a .......... of research to interpret that text

particular method


Discourse analysis is meant to provide a higher awareness of the hidden ........ in others and in ourselves, and therefore, enable us to solve concrete problem by making us ask ontological and epistemological questions.

motivations

Though critical thinking about the analysis of texts is as ancient as man kind, discourse analysis is perceived as the product of ........ period

postmodern

Discourse Analysis (DA) is a modern discipline of the social sciences that covers a wide variety of ......... approaches.

different sociolinguistic


It aims to study and analyze the use of discourse in at least one of the three ways stated above, and more often than not, all of them at once.

Discourse Analysis (DA)

Analysis of discourse looks not only at the basic level of what is said, but takes into consideration the ............


surrounding social and historical contexts


is a term that brings negative connotations of evil and Discourse Analysis aging

occupation

has positive connotations of helping others to develop themselves.
colonization



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 06:40 PM   #24
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Eq14 83 .

..

areas of “reality”:
مجالات من الواقع وهي 6

1-
The meaning and value of aspects of the material world
: I enter a
plain, square room, and speak and act in a certain way (e.g. like
someone about to run a meeting), and, low and behold, where I sit
becomes the “front” of the room.

2-
Activities: We talk and act in one way and we are engaged in
formally opening a committee meeting; we talk and act in another way
and we are engaged in “chit-chat” before the official start of the
meeting.

3-
Identities and relationships: peakiI talk and act in one way one moment and I am
speaking and acting as “chair” of the committee; the next moment I speak and
talk in a different way and I am speaking and acting as one peer/colleague
sng to another

4-
Politics (the distribution of social goods): I talk and act in such a way that a
visibly angry male in a committee meeting (perhaps it’s me!) is “standing his
ground on principle,” but a visibly angry female is “hysterical.”

5-
Connections: I talk and act so as to make what I am saying here and now in
this committee meeting about whether we should admit more minority
students connected to or relevant to (or, on the other hand, not connected to or
relevant to) what I said last week about my fears of losing my job given the new
government’s turn to the right.

6-
Semiotics (what and how different symbol systems and different
forms of knowledge “count”
(: I talk and act so as to make the
knowledge and language of lawyers relevant (privileged), or not, over
“everyday language” or over “non-lawyerly academic language” in our
committee discussion of facilitating the admission of more minority
students

.
.



tools of inquiry
ادواات التحقيق وهي 4

1-
Situated identities,” that is, different identities or social positions we
enact and recognize in different settings.

2-
Social languages,” that is, different styles of language that we use to
enact and recognize different identities in different settings

3-

Discourses” with a capital “D,” that is, different ways in which we
humans integrate language with non-language “stuff,” such as different
ways of thinking

4-

Conversations” with a capital “C,” that is, long-running and
important themes or motifs that have been the focus of a variety of
different texts and interactions



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 06:49 PM   #25
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رد : تجمع (تحليل الخطاب ) - مستوى 8 - لغة انجليزية

.
.


Semiotic building is one of the six building tasks through which we use language

.
.


One of the best linguists to write about discourse analysis is Gee



.
.


the use of the following sort of pattern of grammatical features social language


.
.

..


مقتطفات من محاضرة 5 -ما جت بالاختبار من قبل-:
Wieder and Pratt point out that real Indians “refer to persons who are ‘really Indian’ in just those words
with regularity and standardization


People with such (biological) ties can fail to get recognized as a “real Indian,”
and people of mixed kinship can be so recognized.



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 07:01 PM   #26
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رد : تجمع (تحليل الخطاب ) - مستوى 8 - لغة انجليزية

.
.

..


مقتطفات من محاضرة 6 -ما جت بالاختبار من قبل-:
Discourses, through our words and deeds, carry on conversations with each other through history,
and, in doing so, form human history.


Social languages are what we learn and what we speak



.
.


’،


مقتطفات من محاضرة 8 -ما جت بالاختبار من قبل-:
The word “conversation,” as Gee is using it here, can be misleading. We tend to think of conversations as “just words.”
But the sorts of conversations he is talking about involve a lot more than words; they involve, in fact, Discourses.



keeping in mind that language alone is rarely enough and is always put together with “other stuff” to pull off a Discourse



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 07:05 PM   #27
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.


من محاضرة 10 شرح للمصطلح الانعكاسي و التبادلي


Reflexivity


مثل البرمجه كلام نقدر نرد عليه بكلام تلقائي موجز و مناسب للوضع


مثل الزميل اللي قال لزميلة كيف حالك و هو يكتب او يمر من قدام مكتب زميلة في العمل و يرد علية الزميل الثاني بخيرر ...... هنا حصل الانعكاس موجزة و مناسبة للحالة ....طبعا هم مشغولين و مو فاضين للسوالف طول الوقت

----------------------------------------------------افضل مثال لمصطلح الانعكاسية هي


reciprocity


مصطلح التبادل مثل سؤال البيضه و الدجاجه


من اللي خلق اول الدجاجه ام البيضة ........ الدجاجه اولا او البيضة اولا ..... ليه سموه تبادلي لانهم يعكسون اللغة و الواقع في نفس الوقت مرة نقول الدجاجة و مرة نقول البيضة هي اللي خلقت اولا صار فيه تبادل لغوي و اقعي ..................
.
.
محاضرة 11


شرح مصطلح shorthand الاختزال


يسمى هذا situations network بمعنى ارتباط الحالات


situations are never completely novel ميزة الاوضاع انها مو مبتكررة ...... لانها تتكرر مع مرور الوقت مثل عمل خلية النحل و علاقة الدكتور مع مريضه و بعد مثل عمل المؤسسات التي تطبق القوانين و الاجراءات التأديبية و مثال المعلم و الفصل و الجانب المعنوي و المادي ....الطاولة و السبورة يمثل المادي و طريقة وقوف المعلم في غرفة الفصل مرة يوقف في الامام و مرة في الخلف بكذا يعطي الفصل معنى السلطة و كلام المعلم و النشاط اللي داخل الفصل يعطي معنى لكل الجوانب الثقافية و الاجتماعية و السياسة ......



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 07:18 PM   #28
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رد : تجمع (تحليل الخطاب ) - مستوى 8 - لغة انجليزية

.
.



2- Activities: We talk and act in one way and we are engaged in
formally opening a committee meeting; we talk and act in another way
and we are engaged in “chit-chat” before
the official start of the
meeting

.
.

4
studying the way in which situations produce and reproduce institutions, and are, in turn , sustained by them is an important part of discourse analysis



.
.



Being a “real Indian” is not something one can simply be, Rather, it is something that one becomes in and through , that is,
________

carrying out the actual performance of being a real Indian and kinship


.
.

انتبهوا لهذي..ماحصلتها بالاسئله ولا شرحها الدكتور مدري نساها او تناساها

Alltogether these six building tasks spell out the work of the semiotic aspect of the situation network, with special reference here to language.

ممكن يضع اي كلمه تكون السؤال موجودة بآخر المحاضرة 14


.
.



colonization=positive=help devolop

occupation=negative=evil=damaging



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 07:27 PM   #29
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رد : تجمع (تحليل الخطاب ) - مستوى 8 - لغة انجليزية

.
.

tools of inquiry

help us to study




how building tasks carried out

.
.


By correctly responding to and correctly engaging in this sparring, which “Indians”
call “razzing,” each participant further establishes cultural competency in the eyes of the other

.
.



Linguists have focused on language. It is also important to see that making visible and recognizable who we are and what we are
doing ________ requires more than language.

always

.


key words

capital D=non language,humans


capital C= long,themes,motivs


.

من الكتاب جاب هذا

________ For who is a “real” feminist, gang member, patriot, humanist, cutting-edge scientist, “yuppie,” or “regular” at the local
bar.




here are no once and for all tests


.


The Discourses we enact existed before each of us came on the scene and most of them will exist long after we
have left the scene



 

 

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قديم 06-11-2016, 07:35 PM   #30
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رد : تجمع (تحليل الخطاب ) - مستوى 8 - لغة انجليزية

.
.

president's press secretary=issue

speech writer=auther


the president=claim

.
.

grammar one=traditional school grammaars=traditional sets



grammar two= less studied=virtue


.


Cultural models are usually not completely stored inany one person’s head. Rather,
they are distributed across the different sortsof “expertise” and view points found in the group

.
.


interactions always have some degree of continuous coherence.



 

 

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